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[Functional analysis of yeast homologue gene associated with human DNA helicase causative syndromes].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1miyajima@nihs.go.jp


Proteins having DNA helicase activity play very important roles in many processes involving DNA workings such as replication, repair, and recombination. In this decade, many DNA helicase genes have been cloned as the causative genes of human recessive heredity diseases. These are the causative genes for Xeroderma pigmentosum (XPB and XPD), Cockayne syndrome (CSB), diffuse collagen disease (Ku80), alpha-thalassmia (ATR-X), Bloom syndrome (BLM), Werner syndrome (WRN) and Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (RTS). The yeast homologue genes of these human DNA helicase genes exist. S. cerevisiae RAD25/SSL2, RAD3, RAD26, YKU80/HDF2 and RAD54 are the homologue for XPB/ERCC3, XPD/ERCC2, CSB/ERCC6, Ku80/XRCC5 and ATR-X/HX2, respectively. E coli. recQ gene and S. cerevisiae SGS1 are the homologue for all BLM, WRN and RTS. A search of whole genome of S. cerevisiae revealed that SGS1 is the sole homologue of recQ in S. cerevisiae. Thus it seems likely that SGS1 is a functional homologue of one or several human RecQ family genes. Many basic or essential functions are well conserved in the cells from lower eukaryotic to higher mammalian. The functional analysis in yeast could make an useful insight for the human homologue. To clarify the functions of S. cerevisiae Sgs1 and to get an insight into the functions of Blm, Wrn and Rts, in this study, we analyzed the phenotype of sgs1 disruptant and in detail the cause of the poor sporulation phenotype of sgs1 disruptants in relation to meiotic processes including meiotic recombination. The poor sporulation of sgs1 disruptants was complemented with a mutated SGS1 gene encoding a protein lacking DNA helicase activity; however, the mutated gene could suppress neither the sensitivity of sgs1 disruptants to methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and hydroxyurea nor the mitotic hyperrecombination phenotype of sgs1 disruptants. The N-terminal 1-45 amino acid region and 698-1195 amino acid region of Sgs1, which including helicase domain and C-terminal RecQ conserved region with helicase activity, were required for complementation of MMS sensitivity and suppression of hyperrecombination of sgs1 disruptants in mitotic growth. The 126-400 and 596-1195 amino acid regions of Sgs1 were required for complementation of poor sporulation and of reduced meiotic functions. These regions required for the mitotic or meiotic functions of Sgs1 were well overlapped with the interaction regions of Top3 and Top2. Some of these results might explain the mechanism of the symptom of RecQ-related syndromes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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