Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Cancer Res. 2003 Mar;9(3):1087-97.

Human epidermal receptor-2 expression in prostate cancer.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, Divisions of Surgical Oncology, University of North Carolina-Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.



Efforts to conclusively establish that human epidermal receptor (HER)-2 overexpression is important to androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate (AD-CaP) or to progression to androgen independence (AI-CaP) have failed because of variability in tissue procurement, antibodies, immunostaining procedures, and assessment methods. However, because some in vitro and animal model data correlate HER-2 overexpression with progression to androgen independence, trials of agents that target the HER-2 receptor are under way. To clarify human tumor findings, we studied HER-2 expression at the gene (DNA), mRNA, and protein levels in well-characterized CaP specimens.


Fifty AD-CaP and 25 AI-CaP specimens from similar numbers of Caucasian and African Americans were immunostained for HER-2 receptor. HER-2 mRNA levels were measured using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR in patients for whom frozen specimens were available. HER-2 amplification was evaluated using fluorescent in situ hybridization.


HER-2 receptor immunostained in 52% of androgen-dependent and one (4%) androgen-independent tumor. HER-2 immunostaining was not related to age, race, serum prostate-specific antigen levels, or pathologic stage and Gleason grade. HER-2 overexpression was not detected in AI-CaP at the mRNA or gene level. Mean HER-2 mRNA expression was higher (P < 0.05) in AD-CaP than AI-CaP (22,080 versus 15,496 HER-2 copies). HER-2 was not amplified in any of 20 AD-CaP or 19 AI-CaP specimens.


HER-2 protein and message overexpression and HER-2 amplification were not found in AI-CaP.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk