Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
FASEB J. 2003 May;17(8):884-6. Epub 2003 Mar 5.

Exercise and IL-6 infusion inhibit endotoxin-induced TNF-alpha production in humans.

Author information

  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

During "nondamaging" exercise, skeletal muscle markedly releases interleukin (IL)-6, and it has been suggested that one biological role of this phenomenon is to inhibit the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- alpha, which is known to cause pathogenesis such as insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. To test this hypothesis, we performed three experiments in which eight healthy males either rested (CON), rode a bicycle for 3 h (EX), or were infused with recombinant human IL-6 (rhIL-6) for 3 h while they rested. After 2.5 h, the volunteers received a bolus of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide endotoxin (0.06 ng/kg) i.v. to induce low-grade inflammation. In CON, plasma TNF-alpha increased significantly in response to endotoxin. In contrast, during EX, which resulted in elevated IL-6, and rhIL-6, the endotoxin-induced increase in TNF-alpha was totally attenuated. In conclusion, physical exercise and rhIL-6 infusion at physiological concentrations inhibit endotoxin-induced TNF-alpha production in humans. Hence, these data provide the first experimental evidence that physical activity mediates antiinflammatory activity and suggest that the mechanism include IL-6, which is produced by and released from exercising muscles.

PMID:
12626436
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk