Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cell Sci. 1976 Mar;20(2):405-39.

Flagellar doublet microtubules: fractionation of minor components and alpha-tubulin from specific regions of the A-tubule.

Abstract

Proteins occurring minor amounts with purified sperm flagellar doublet microtubules were identified and studied by SDS-gel electrophoresis. Methods were developed to solubilize selectively these minor components; electron microscopy (EM) of the fractionated products revealed possible locations of these proteins in the tubule. Doublet microtubules were prepared from sea-urchin (Echinus esculentus and Stronglyocentrotus droebachiensis) and scallop (Pecten maximus) sperm by dialysing flagellar axonemes against 2 mM Tris-0-2 mM EDTA-0-5 mM DTT. EM indicates that these doublet tubule preparations retain at least 70% of their radial spokes; cross-sections show a globule or fibre applied to the inside wall of the A-tubule, across from the inner B-tubule junction. On SDS-gels these preparations separate into at least 10 minor bands, accounting for 20-30% of the total protein; the remaining 75 +/- 4% migrates as tubulin. For E. esculentus the molecular weights and relative amounts of these components are: Component Ee 8 (150000 Daltons; 1%), 11 (114000; 2-5%), 15 (89000; 2%), 16 (80000; 2-5%), 17 (74000; 2%), 18 (69000; 2%), 19 (66000; 2%), 21 (48000; 4-5%), 22 (45000; 3%) and 23 (44500; 3%). Treatment of sea-urchin tubules with 0-1-0-5% sarkosyl, 0-1-0-3 M KSCN or 0-3-0-6 M KI results in the selective solubilization of: first, component 8 and some B-subfibre tubulin; second, components 11 and 23 and the remaining B-subfire tubulin; third, most of the A-subfire tubulin and components 17, 18 and 19. Thermal fractionation extracts none of these components, suggesting they are principally associated with the A-tubule. Finally 25-35% of the original protein is resistant to solubilization, and appears in the EM as ribbons of 3 protofilaments with 16-nm axial repeats. The resistant ribbons contain components 15, 16, 21 and 22 (plus component 20 in S. droebachiensis) in addition to 25 +/- 4% of the total tubulin. The data support the existence of two stable moieties in each doublet tubule: (1) a ribbon of 3 protofilaments and (2) either a second ribbon of 3 protofilaments or an equivalent amount of tubulin in some other form. EM images suggest that one ribbon forms the lateral side of the A-tubule (e.g. protofilaments A1,2,3 or A13,1,2 in the model) and that the globule applied to A13 may be a multisubunit complex of remaining minor components. Treatment of scallop tubules with 0-3 M KSCN preferentially extracts alpha-tubulin, yielding ribbons 1-4 protofilaments wide. The significance of this finding is discussed.

PMID:
1262413
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk