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Ophthalmology. 2003 Mar;110(3):481-6.

Phenotypic study of a case receiving a keratolimbal allograft and amniotic membrane for total limbal stem cell deficiency.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33176, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report the expression pattern of key molecules by the reconstructed corneal epithelium after a keratolimbal allograft (KLAL) and amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) for total limbal stem cell deficiency.

DESIGN:

Interventional case report.

METHOD:

A 50-year-old woman with severe chemical burns in both eyes received an AMT as a temporary patch at the acute stage, and a KLAL with AMT as a graft at the chronic stage for total limbal stem cell deficiency. The corneal button removed during subsequent corneal transplantation was submitted for immunofluorescence staining with monoclonal antibodies against keratin K3, MUC5AC, connexin 43, integrins alpha3beta1 and alpha6beta4, and laminin 5 for comparison with a normal cornea.

RESULTS:

Histologically, a normal stratified corneal epithelium has five to six cell layers that lay on the thick amniotic membrane basement membrane. The phenotype was of a corneal origin, based on expression of positive keratin K3, negative MUC5AC, and positive connexin 43. Furthermore, intact basement membrane complexes were present, evidenced by positive staining to integrins alpha3beta1 and alpha6beta4 and to laminin 5.

CONCLUSIONS:

A normal corneal epithelial phenotype with normal basement membrane complexes was restored after a KLAL and AMT in a case with total limbal stem cell deficiency.

PMID:
12623808
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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