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Nitric Oxide. 2003 Mar;8(2):133-43.

Role of nitric oxide in D-galactosamine-induced cell death and its protection by PGE1 in cultured hepatocytes.

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  • 1Unidad de Investigación, Servicio Aparato Digestivo, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofi;a, Av. Menéndez Pidal s/n, E-14004, Córdoba, Spain.

Abstract

Prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1)) reduces cell death in experimental and clinical manifestations of liver dysfunction. Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to exert a protective or noxious effect in different experimental models of liver injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of NO during PGE(1) protection against D-galactosamine (D-GalN) citotoxicity in cultured hepatocytes. PGE(1) was preadministered to D-GalN-treated hepatocytes. The role of NO in our system was assessed by iNOS inhibition and a NO donor. Different parameters related to apoptosis and necrosis, NO production such as nitrite+nitrate (NO(x)) release, iNOS expression, and NF-kappaB activation in hepatocytes were evaluated. The inhibition of iNOS reduced apoptosis induced by D-GalN in hepatocytes. PGE(1) protection against D-GalN injury was associated with its capacity to reduce iNOS expression and NO production induced by D-GalN. Nevertheless, iNOS inhibition showed that protection by PGE(1) was also mediated by NO. Low concentrations of a NO donor reduced D-GalN injury with a decrease in the extracellular NO(x) concentration. High concentrations of the NO donor enhanced NO(x) concentration and increased cell death by D-GalN. The present study suggests that low NO production induced by PGE(1) preadministration reduces D-GalN-induced cell death through its capacity to reduce iNOS expression and NO production caused by the hepatotoxin.

PMID:
12620377
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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