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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2003 Jan;67(1):195-7.

Antioxidative effect of citrus essential oil components on human low-density lipoprotein in vitro.

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  • 1Wakayama Agricultural Processing Research Corporation, 398 Tsukatsuki, Momoyama-cho, Naga-gun, Wakayama 649-6112, Japan. wakaken@silver.ocn.ne.jp


We studied the antioxidative action to evaluate the effect of citrus essential oil components on human LDL in vitro. Among the authentic volatile compounds tested, gamma-terpinene showed the strongest antioxidative effect, and inhibited both the Cu(2+)-induced and AAPH-induced oxidation of LDL. gamma-Terpinene added after 30 min (mid-lag phase) and 60 min (propagation phase) of incubation of LDL with Cu(2+) inhibited LDL oxidation.

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