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J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Mar 12;51(6):1602-7.

Pre- and post-mortem use of grape seed extract in dark poultry meat to inhibit development of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances.

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  • 1Department of Food Science and Animal Science, University of California, Davis 95616, USA.


Diets containing grape seed extract (GSE)-control, GSE [low GSE, low GSE + methionine, high GSE, and high GSE + methionine], or alpha-tocopherol-were fed to broiler chicks to estimate the antioxidative activity of GSE in processed meat. GSE was detrimental to the growth of chicks, and methionine did not reverse the detrimental effect. GSE with 85.4 g of gallic acid equiv/100 g (GAE 85.4) was added to ground dark turkey meat to obtain treatments with no GSE, 1.0% GSE, and 2.0% GSE and then processed as unsalted or salted and unheated or heated. Processed treatments were analyzed for thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and percent expressible moisture (%EM). GSE at 1.0 and 2.0% decreased TBARS values nearly 10-fold as compared to the control. GSE (1.0%) had a %EM value significantly greater than that of the control. GAE 85.4 decreased TBARS values more than GAE 88.9.

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