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Health Place. 2003 Mar;9(1):1-6.

The relationship of alcohol outlet density to heavy and frequent drinking and drinking-related problems among college students at eight universities.

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  • 1Department of Health & Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Landmark Center, 401 Park Drive, P.O. Box Boston, MA 15678, 02215, USA.


To determine whether alcohol outlet density was correlated with heavy and frequent drinking and drinking-related problems, we compared ecological measures of outlet density with survey measures of drinking using a geographic information system and the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (n=3,421, site n=8). We identified 966 outlets within 8 2-mile study areas. Densities/site ranged from 32 to 185. Density was correlated with heavy drinking (r=0.82, p=0.01), frequent drinking (r=0.73, p=0.04) and drinking-related problems (r=0.79, p=0.02). Women, underage students and students who picked up binge drinking in college were affected. Implications for prevention and research are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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