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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Mar 4;100(5):2462-7. Epub 2003 Feb 25.

Nonhomologous end joining and V(D)J recombination require an additional factor.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Abstract

DNA nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) is the major pathway for repairing DNA double-strand breaks in mammalian cells. It also functions to carry out rearrangements at the specialized breaks introduced during V(D)J recombination. Here, we describe a patient with T(-)B(-) severe combined immunodeficiency, whose cells have defects closely resembling those of NHEJ-defective rodent cells. Cells derived from this patient show dramatic radiosensitivity, decreased double-strand break rejoining, and reduced fidelity in signal and coding joint formation during V(D)J recombination. Detailed examination indicates that the patient is defective neither in the known factors involved in NHEJ in mammals (Ku70, Ku80, DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit, Xrcc4, DNA ligase IV, or Artemis) nor in the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 complex, whose homologue in Saccharomyces cerevisiae functions in NHEJ. These results provide strong evidence that additional activities are crucial for NHEJ and V(D)J recombination in mammals.

PMID:
12604777
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC151363
Free PMC Article
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