Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2003 May 9;278(19):17360-7. Epub 2003 Feb 25.

Expression of galectin-3 in skeletal tissues is controlled by Runx2.

Author information

  • 1Division of Hematology/Oncology, Medical Center, University of Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.


The beta-galatoside-specific lectin galectin-3 is expressed in vivo in osteoblasts as well as in epiphyseal cartilage. Here we show that in vitro, galectin-3 expression is up-regulated in the preosteoblastic cell line MC3T3-E1 during the matrix maturation stage of the osteoblast developmental sequence. Expression persists into late differentiation stages when the mature osteoblastic phenotype is established. The skeletal expression pattern of galectin-3 overlaps at many sites with that of the transcription factor Runx2. Runx2 is a key regulator of osteoblast development and necessary for chondrocyte differentiation in the growth plate. Both human and mouse galectin-3 promoters contain putative Runx-binding sites. The constitutive or inducible forced expression of Runx2 is sufficient for the onset of galectin-3 transcription in the mesenchymal precursor cell line C3H10T1/2. Moreover, Runx2 is able to bind to at least two sites in the galectin-3 promoter region. The crucial role of Runx2 was confirmed in Runx2-deficient mice, which are devoid of galectin-3 expression in skeletal cells. The overlapping expression pattern of galectin-3 with the other two members of the Runt family of transcription factors (Runx1 and Runx3) points to a potential regulation of the galectin-3 gene (LGALS3) by these factors in hematopoietic, skin, and dorsal root ganglial cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk