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J Invest Dermatol. 2003 Mar;120(3):390-9.

p38 Mitogen-activated protein kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinases play distinct roles in the activation of dendritic cells by two representative haptens, NiCl2 and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan. aiba@mail.cc.tohoku.ac.jp

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that haptens induce several phenotypic and functional changes of dendritic cells in vivo as well as in vitro. Although recently, the crucial role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase has been reported in the activation of dendritic cells by haptens, the signal transduction elements involved in each phenotypic and functional changes that occur in the activation of dendritic cells by haptens remain unknown. Therefore, we examined the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor-kappaB in the signal transduction of dendritic cells stimulated with two representative haptens, i.e., NiCl2 and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene. Human monocyte-derived dendritic cells stimulated with 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene induced the phosphorylation of p38 and stress-activated protein kinase/c-jun N-terminal kinases, whereas NiCl2 induced that of p44/42 extracellular signal-regulated kinases, p38, and stress-activated protein kinase/c-jun N-terminal kinases. In addition, NiCl2 phosphorylated inhibitor kappaB and activated nuclear factor-kappaB. In contrast, primary irritants, e.g., benzalkonium chloride, or sodium lauryl sulfate, did not activate these signal transduction pathways. By using specific inhibitors for extracellular signal-regulated kinases and p38 pathways, PD98059 and SB203580, respectively, we demonstrated that the augmentation of CD86, HLA-DR, and CD83, and the production of interleukin-8 along with its increased mRNA expression by monocyte-derived dendritic cells stimulated with 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene, and the augmentation of CD83 and the interleukin-12 p40 production by monocyte-derived dendritic cells stimulated with NiCl2, were suppressed by SB203580, whereas PD98059 suppressed the production of interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, together with their increased mRNA expression by monocyte-derived dendritic cells treated with NiCl2. On the other hand, in spite of the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB by monocyte-derived dendritic cells stimulated with NiCl2, nuclear factor-kappaB inhibitor did not significantly affect the phenotypic and functional changes in the activation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells. These data indicate that NiCl2 and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene stimulate different signal transduction pathways in monocyte-derived dendritic cells, and subsequently induce different phenotypic and functional changes in them.

PMID:
12603851
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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