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Genes Dev. 2003 Feb 15;17(4):455-60.

Protein ISGylation modulates the JAK-STAT signaling pathway.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.


ISG15 is one of the most strongly induced genes upon viral infection, type I interferon (IFN) stimulation, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. Here we report that mice lacking UBP43, a protease that removes ISG15 from ISGylated proteins, are hypersensitive to type I IFN. Most importantly, in UBP43-deficient cells, IFN-beta induces a prolonged Stat1 tyrosine phosphorylation, DNA binding, and IFN-mediated gene activation. Furthermore, restoration of ISG15 conjugation in protein ISGylation-defective K562 cells increases IFN-stimulated promoter activity. These findings identify UBP43 as a novel negative regulator of IFN signaling and suggest the involvement of protein ISGylation in the regulation of the JAK-STAT pathway.

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