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J Infect Dis. 2003 Feb 15;187(4):559-68. Epub 2003 Feb 7.

Postnatal human herpesvirus 8 and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in mothers and infants from Zambia.

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  • 1Nebraska Center for Virology, School of Biological Sciences, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588, USA.

Abstract

The specific route and timing of human herpesvirus (HHV) 8 infection in regions where Kaposi sarcoma is endemic are not known. HHV-8 infection and any risk factors that may be associated with HHV-8, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 infection, were monitored during the 12-month postdelivery period for 416 mothers and 485 infants from Lusaka, Zambia. HHV-8 incident infection rates during this period were 3.2 and 5.3 infections/100 person-years for infants and mothers, respectively. HHV-8 infection among infants was not associated with HHV-8 or HIV-1 infection in the mother. Among the HHV-8-positive infants, 2 of 12 tested were found to have HHV-8 DNA in their peripheral blood mononuclear cells at birth, which suggests that in utero infection is possible. However, most HHV-8-positive infants appeared to have acquired infection either intrapartum or postpartum. The present study indicates that transmission of HHV-8 to infants can occur early and is likely via multiple routes.

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PMID:
12599072
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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