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Anesth Analg. 2003 Mar;96(3):644-50, table of contents.

Comparison of alpha-stat and pH-stat cardiopulmonary bypass in relation to jugular venous oxygen saturation and cerebral glucose-oxygen utilization.

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  • 1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Baskent University, Adana Medical Center, Adana, Turkey.


Jugular venous oxygen saturation (SJVO(2)) reflects the balance between cerebral blood flow and metabolism. This study was designed to compare the effects of two different acid-base strategies on jugular venous desaturation (SJVO(2) <50%) and cerebral arteriovenous oxygen-glucose use. We performed a prospective, randomized study in 52 patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) at 27 degrees C with either alpha-stat (n = 26) or pH-stat (n = 26) management. A retrograde internal jugular vein catheter was inserted, and blood samples were obtained at intervals during CPB. There were no differences in preoperative variables between the groups. SJVO(2) was significantly higher in the pH-stat group (at 30 min CPB: 86.2% +/- 6.1% versus 70.6% +/- 9.3%; P < 0.001). The differences in arteriovenous oxygen and glucose were smaller in the pH-stat group (at 30 min CPB: 1.9 +/- 0.82 mL/dL versus 3.98 +/- 1.12 mL/dL; P < 0.001; and 3.67 +/- 2.8 mL/dL versus 10.1 +/- 5.2 mL/dL; P < 0.001, respectively). All episodes of desaturation occurred during rewarming, and the difference in the incidence of desaturation between the two groups was not significant. All patients left the hospital in good condition. Compared with alpha-stat, the pH-stat strategy promotes an increase in SJVO(2) and a decrease in arteriovenous oxygen and arteriovenous glucose differences. These findings indicate an increased cerebral supply with pH-stat; however, this strategy does not eliminate jugular venous desaturation during CPB.


A prospective, randomized study in 52 patients during cardiopulmonary bypass revealed that pH-stat increased jugular venous oxygen saturation and decreased arteriovenous oxygen-glucose differences. There was no difference in the incidence of jugular venous desaturation. These findings suggest an increased cerebral blood flow with no protection against jugular venous desaturation during pH-stat.

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