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Pediatr Res. 2003 Mar;53(3):486-92.

A new air displacement plethysmograph for the measurement of body composition in infants.

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  • 1Life Measurement Incorporated, Concord, CA 94520, USA.


ABSTRACT This article introduces and evaluates the PEA POD Infant Body Composition System, an air displacement plethysmograph designed for the assessment of body composition in infants between birth and 6 mo of age. The performance of the PEA POD was evaluated by repeated testing of National Institute of Standards and Technology-traceable weights and volumes. Mass was measured in a single session. Volume was measured in four sessions during a 2-d period (five times/session for both). The mean values for repeated mass measurements were almost identical to the masses of traceable weights. The SD and CV for repeated volume measurements were 1.1-4.5 mL and 0.02-0.09%, respectively. Both the mean SD and CV were within very narrow ranges (1.4-3.1 mL for SD and 0.03-0.08% for CV) across all volume levels. Furthermore, mean CV values using results from the four sessions indicated excellent within- and between-day reliability. Regression analyses (by session or with all sessions combined) of the measured volume against actual volume gave very low standard error of the estimate (SEE) (0.853-1.957 mL) and very high R(2) (1.000), with the intercept and slope not significantly different from 0 and 1, respectively. The mean percentage error in volume measurements was < or =0.05% at all volume levels. The study findings and the operational and physical characteristics of the system indicate that the PEA POD has the potential to provide clinicians and researchers with a diagnostic and research tool that is accurate, easily used by operators, and comfortable for subjects.

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