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Ann Rheum Dis. 2003 Mar;62(3):236-41.

Myeloid related protein 8 and 14 secretion reflects phagocyte activation and correlates with disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis treated with autologous stem cell transplantation.

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  • 1Department of Paediatric Immunology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands.



To determine whether myeloid related proteins (MRP8/MRP14), a complex of two S100 proteins related to neutrophil and monocyte activation, might be used as a marker for disease activity, and as an early indicator of relapse in juvenile idiopathic arthritis.


A group of 12 patients who underwent an autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for refractory juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) were studied. MRP8/MRP14 serum concentrations were determined by a sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as described. Improvement from baseline was described by a definition of improvement employing a core set of criteria as detailed previously by Giannini.


After ASCT, MRP8/MRP14 serum concentrations in JIA showed a positive correlation with the Child Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ; r=0.80) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (r=0.45), but not with the total leucocyte count (r=0.26). Mean MRP8/MRP14 serum concentrations dropped markedly in the first three months after ASCT (p=0.0039) and clinical parameters of disease activity such as CHAQ markedly improved (p=0.0039). During a transient relapse there was an increase in MRP8/MRP14.


MRP8/MRP14 serum concentration can be used as a marker for disease activity in patients who receive an ASCT for refractory JIA. This indicates a role of macrophage activation in the pathogenesis of JIA. The occurrence of MAS in three patients in this study was not preceded by significant changes in MRP8/MRP14 concentration.

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