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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Feb;111(2):313-20.

Effect of nasal triamcinolone acetonide on lower airway inflammatory markers in patients with allergic rhinitis.

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  • 1Asthma and Airway Centre of the Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Toronto, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, Canada.



Allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma are commonly associated, and similar underlying inflammatory processes link both diseases. AR, even in the absence of asthma, is associated with increased levels of exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in exhaled breath condensate, 2 noninvasive markers of lower airway inflammation.


We sought to evaluate the effect of treatment with the nasal steroid triamcinolone acetonide on ENO and exhaled H(2)O(2) in subjects with AR.


We allocated 23 subjects in a randomized, double-blind, parallel-controlled fashion to 4-week treatment with triamcinolone acetonide (220 microg/d) or matching placebo.


ENO levels were greater in the subgroup with concomitant asthma (16/23 subjects) and decreased significantly with triamcinolone acetonide treatment in this subgroup of patients in comparison with patients receiving placebo. Breath condensate levels of H(2)O(2) were higher in patients with AR without asthma than in those with asthma but decreased significantly with triamcinolone acetonide treatment in both subgroups. No changes were observed in bronchial hyperresponsiveness, nasal and asthma symptoms, or peak expiratory flow with active treatment or placebo.


We conclude that treatment of AR with triamcinolone acetonide results in decrease of 2 noninvasive markers of lower airway inflammation, ENO and H(2)O(2), supporting that upper and lower airway inflammation should be seen as a continuum in subjects with AR with and without asthma. ENO might be a more specific marker of the lower airway inflammation present in asthma.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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