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Thromb Res. 2002 Oct 1;108(1):37-42.

Aspirin non-responsiveness as measured by PFA-100 in patients with coronary artery disease.

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  • 1Medical Department, Central Hospital of Hedmark, Hamar N-2315, Norway. kjelande@online.no

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The purpose of the present study was to study the concept of aspirin resistance or non-responsiveness by investigating the response to long-term aspirin therapy in patients with a former acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Patients with an AMI (n=202) randomly assigned to aspirin 160 mg/day (n=71), aspirin 75 mg/day and warfarin (INR 2.0-2.5) (n=58) or warfarin (INR 2.8-4.2) (n=73) were evaluated by the PFA-100(R), biochemical variables and clinical events after a mean treatment period of 4 years.

RESULTS:

The limit for being an aspirin non-responder was defined as the 95th percentile value in the warfarin alone group (196 s) with the epinephrine cartridge. In patients on aspirin alone 25/71 (35%) were non-responders and on the combination 23/58 (40%). With the adenosine diphosphate (ADP) cartridge only minor differences were found. The levels of thromboxane B(2) in both aspirin groups, in responders as well as in non-responders, were extremely low compared to the warfarin alone group. Evaluating both aspirin groups together (n=129), the levels of soluble P-selectin were significantly higher in non-responders as compared to responders (p=0.012). During the observation period of 4 years with limited number of events, there was a tendency for higher event rates in non-responders as compared to responders (36% vs. 24%, p=0.28).

CONCLUSIONS:

In our evaluation of the PFA-100(R) a considerable number of post-AMI patients seemed to be non-responders to long-term aspirin therapy in doses of 75 and 160 mg/day. Circulating levels of P-selectin were higher in the non-responders. A tendency to higher incidence of clinical events among non-responders was observed.

PMID:
12586130
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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