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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 Feb;84(2):377-89.

Counting blessings versus burdens: an experimental investigation of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis 95616, USA. raemmons@ucdavis.edu

Abstract

The effect of a grateful outlook on psychological and physical well-being was examined. In Studies 1 and 2, participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 experimental conditions (hassles, gratitude listing, and either neutral life events or social comparison); they then kept weekly (Study 1) or daily (Study 2) records of their moods, coping behaviors, health behaviors, physical symptoms, and overall life appraisals. In a 3rd study, persons with neuromuscular disease were randomly assigned to either the gratitude condition or to a control condition. The gratitude-outlook groups exhibited heightened well-being across several, though not all, of the outcome measures across the 3 studies, relative to the comparison groups. The effect on positive affect appeared to be the most robust finding. Results suggest that a conscious focus on blessings may have emotional and interpersonal benefits.

PMID:
12585811
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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