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J Chromatogr A. 2003 Jan 24;985(1-2):395-402.

Determination of E-2-nonenal by high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection assay for the evaluation of beer ageing.

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  • 1Centro de Investigação em Química da Universidade do Porto. Departamento de Química da Faculdade de Ciências do Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal.


The analysis of E-2-nonenal is of considerable interest for the brewery industry as this compound is claimed to be responsible for a paper/cardboard unpleasant flavour. Usually, the presence of E-2-nonenal can be noticed in aged beers at levels higher than 0.1 microg/l. In this work, an analytical method was developed to determine E-2-nonenal in beer involving steam distillation of beer followed by an extraction/concentration step using solid-phase extraction and determination of E-2-nonenal by HPLC with UV detection. Fastness and simplicity are the main advantages of the proposed method, when compared with other existing methodologies for the determination of E-2-nonenal in beer. Using the developed conditions, the interference of E-2-nonenal formed by degradation of its precursors during steam distillation is almost negligible. The presence of sulphur dioxide at legal levels does not interfere with the assay. The method was used in a comparative study of fresh and either naturally or forced aged beers. A much larger chromatographic peak was found near the peak of E-2-nonenal that correlates well with the peak of E-2-nonenal. Identification of the corresponding compound is currently under investigation, considering its future application on the evaluation of beer ageing.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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