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Circ Res. 2003 Feb 7;92(2):169-76.

Insulin-like growth factor-1 exerts Ca2+-dependent positive inotropic effects in failing human myocardium.

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  • 1Abteilung Kardiologie und Pneumologie, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany.


Myocardial generation of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is altered in hypertrophy and heart failure, but there are no reports on acute functional effects of IGF-1 in human cardiac muscle. We examined inotropic responses and signal transduction mechanisms of IGF-1 in human myocardium. Experiments were performed in isolated trabeculae or cardiomyocytes from 46 end-stage failing hearts. The effect of IGF-1 (0.001 to 0.2 micromol/L) on isometric twitch force (37 degrees C, 1 Hz), intracellular Ca2+ transients (aequorin method), sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ content (rapid cooling contractures), L-type Ca2+ current (whole-cell voltage clamp), and cAMP concentrations was assessed. In addition, the effects of blocking IGF-1 receptors, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-kinase), protein kinase C (PKC), or transsarcolemmal Ca2+ entry were tested. IGF-1 exerted concentration-dependent positive inotropic effects (twitch force increased to maximally 133+/-4% of baseline values at 0.1 micromol/L; P<0.05). The IGF-1 receptor antibody alphaIR3 or the PI3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin prevented the functional effects. The inotropic response was paralleled by increases in Ca2+ transients and SR Ca2+ content. IGF-1 (0.1 micromol/L) increased L-type Ca2+ current amplitude by 24+/-7% (P<0.05). Blockade of SR function did not affect the inotropic response to IGF-1. In contrast, L-type Ca2+ channel blockade with diltiazem partially prevented ( approximately 50%) the inotropic response to IGF-1. Inhibition of PKC (GF109203X), Na+-H+ exchange (HOE642), or reverse-mode Na+-Ca2+ exchange (KB-R7943) reduced the response to IGF-1 by approximately 60% to 70%. IGF-1 exerts Ca2+-dependent positive inotropic effects through activation of IGF-1 receptors and a PI3-kinase-dependent pathway in failing human myocardium. The increased [Ca2+]i with IGF-1 originates from both enhanced L-type Ca2+ currents and enhanced Na+-H+ exchange-dependent reverse-mode Na+-Ca2+ exchange. These nongenomic functional effects of IGF-1 may be of clinical relevance.

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