Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2003 Apr 4;278(14):12151-6. Epub 2003 Feb 3.

Prostaglandin E2 induced functional expression of early growth response factor-1 by EP4, but not EP2, prostanoid receptors via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinases.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721-0207, USA.


Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) mediates its physiological effects by interactions with a subfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors known as EP receptors. These receptors consist of four primary subtypes named EP(1), EP(2), EP(3), and EP(4). The EP(2) and EP(4) subtypes are known to couple to Galpha(s) and stimulate intracellular cyclic 3,5- adenosine monophosphate formation, whereas the EP(1) and EP(3) receptors are known to couple to Galpha(q) and Galpha(i), respectively. Recently we found that EP(2) and EP(4) receptors can activate T-cell factor signaling; however, EP(2) receptors did this primarily through a cAMP-dependent protein kinase-dependent pathway, whereas EP(4) receptors primarily utilized a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent pathway (Fujino, H., West, K. A., and Regan, J. W. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 2614-2619). We now report that PGE(2) stimulation of EP(4) receptors, but not EP(2) receptors, leads to phosphorylation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) through a PI3K-dependent mechanism. Furthermore, this activation of PI3K/ERK signaling by the EP(4) receptors induces the functional expression of early growth response factor-1 (EGR-1). Under the same conditions induction of EGR-1 protein expression was not observed following PGE(2) stimulation of EP(2) receptors. These findings point to important differences in the signaling potential of the EP(2) and EP(4) receptors, which could be significant with respect to the potential involvement of EP(4) receptors in inflammation and cancer.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk