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Neurosci Lett. 2003 Feb 20;338(1):5-8.

Importance of IgG2c isotype in the immune response to beta-amyloid in amyloid precursor protein/transgenic mice.

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  • 1The Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697-4540, Irvine USA.


A careful analysis of the immune response to immunization of amyloid precursor protein/transgenic (APP/Tg) mice with beta-amyloid (Abeta) may provide insights into why a subset of the patients in a clinical trial receiving Abeta-immunotherapy developed encephalomyelitis. Characterization of isotypic immune responses have been reported in different APP/Tg models. In these studies the relative ratios of IgG1 to IgG2a anti-Abeta antibodies has been used as an indirect measure of T helper 1 (Th1) and Th2 types immune responses. However, it has previously been shown that certain strains of mice, C57Bl/6, C57Bl/10, SJL, and NOD, have an IgG2c rather than an IgG2a gene. Since a substantial number of Abeta-immunization studies rely on APP/Tg mice that have at least one parental C57Bl/6 strain, we have investigated whether antibodies specific for IgG2a can be used for characterization of antibody isotypes in APP/Tg2576 mice. Our results suggest that APP/Tg2576 and major histocompatibilty complex-matched parental strains are not expressing IgG2a, producing instead IgG2c anti-Abeta antibodies.

Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

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