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J Clin Oncol. 2003 Feb 1;21(3):447-52.

Elevated expression of valosin-containing protein (p97) in hepatocellular carcinoma is correlated with increased incidence of tumor recurrence.

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  • 1Departments of Surgery and Clinical Oncology, and Pathology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Valosin-containing protein (VCP; also known as p97) has been shown to be associated with antiapoptotic function and metastasis via activation of the nuclear factor-kappaB signaling pathway. In this study, association of VCP expression with recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and patient survival was examined.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

VCP expression in 170 patients (139 male and 31 female) with ages ranging from 31 to 81 years (median, 61 years) was analyzed by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry, in which staining intensity in tumor cells was categorized as weaker (level 1) or equal to or stronger (level 2) than that in endothelial cells.

RESULTS:

Immunohistochemically, 57 patients (35.2%) showed level 1, and 105 patients (64.8%) showed level 2, VCP expression. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed higher VCP mRNA expression in level 2 patients (n = 7) than level 1 (n = 4) (P <.05). Patients with VCP-level 2 HCC showed higher rate of portal vein invasion in the tumor (P <.01) and poorer disease-free and overall survival (P <.0001 and P <.05, respectively) compared with level 1 patients. Multivariate analysis revealed VCP expression level, tumor multiplicity, and degree of fibrosis in the noncancerous liver tissue to be independent prognosticators for disease-free and overall survival. VCP level was an indicator for disease-free survival in each early- (I and II) and advanced- (III and IV) stage group of pathologic tumor-node-metastasis classification (P <.001 and P <.01, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

VCP expression level has prognostic significance for disease-free and overall survival of patients with HCC.

PMID:
12560433
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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