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Theriogenology. 2003 Apr 1;59(7):1597-603.

A sporadic case of the sex-reversed mare (64,XY; SRY-negative): molecular and cytogenetic studies of the Y chromosome.

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  • 1Department of Immuno and Cytogenetics, National Research Institute of Animal Production, ul. Krakowska 1, 32-083 Balice, Poland. mbugno@izoo.krakow.pl


A sex-reversal syndrome appears frequently in the horse. The mare carriers of this syndrome lack of SRY gene. It is suggested that sex-reversal syndrome is probably caused by transfer of the SRY gene from Y to the X chromosome, due to abnormal meiotic exchange. The aim of the study was molecular analysis of the Y-linked genes in a case of the sex-reversed infertile mare with 64,XY karyotype. The karyotype was established on the basis of analysis of 350 metaphase spreads stained by CBG banding. Molecular analysis of the loci assigned to the Y chromosome revealed absence of the SRY gene and presence of the other studied loci (ZFY, AMEL-Y and STS-Y). In this animal all fragments representing X chromosome (ZFX, AMEL-X and STS-X) were detected. External genitalia in the mare were normal, uterus was small and ovaries (examined by ultrasonography) extremely small. The mechanism of sex-reversal syndrome formation was discussed. It is postulated that during spermatogenesis in the sire two crossing-over events between the X and Y chromosomes occurred. One of them took place between the ZFY and SRY loci and another one between the SRY locus and the centromere.

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