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Shock. 2003 Jan;19(1):55-60.

Effects of fluid resuscitation on mesenteric microvascular blood flow and lymphatic activity after severe hemorrhagic shock in rats.

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  • 1Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacodinâmica, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


We investigated the acute microcirculatory effects, including mesenteric lymphatic pumping, of volume replacement with different iso- or hypertonic/oncotic solutions after severe hemorrhage (mean arterial pressure [MAP] approximately 35 mmHg during 30 min) in halothane-anesthetized Wistar rats. Resuscitation was achieved 30 min after induction of shock with one of the following solutions: autologous blood (BL); 0.9% NaCl (IS), 7.5% NaCl (HS); 5% bovine serum albumin (BSA); 0.9% NaCl-6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES), or 7.5% NaCl-HES (HES 7.5). MAP was partially and transiently restored by infusion of IS or HS, whereas in the groups treated with BL, HES, HES 7.5, or BSA, there was a complete restoration of blood pressure in the 30-min period after infusion. Microvascular blood flow (MBF), measured by laser Doppler flowmetry, was reduced by 59% +/- 7% 10 min after bleeding. MBF was also transiently restored after infusion of IS, HS, BL, BSA, or HES. HES 7.5 was the only solution able to induce immediate and sustained (60 min) restoration of preshock levels of MBF. Volume replacement with IS or HES 7.5 resulted respectively in long-lasting or transient lymphatic pumping overload. On the other hand, resuscitation with all other solutions, except BSA, did not restore lymphatic activity to preshock levels. We also observed a significant reduction of the diameter of mesenteric terminal arterioles (15-30 microm) after bleeding, which was reversed temporarily in IS, BL, and HES groups, whereas resuscitation with HES 7.5 solution was able to maintain arterioles dilated until the end of the experimental period. Therefore, it is concluded that the association of hyperoncotic and hyperosmotic solutions, represented here by HES 7.5, induces positive effects with respect to the macro- and microhemodynamics accompanied by restoration and maintenance of the interstitial drainage system, being indicated for maintenance of postresuscitation cardiovascular and microvascular function.

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