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Am J Kidney Dis. 2003 Feb;41(2):488-92.

Pseudoaneurysm of the iliac artery secondary to Aspergillus infection in two recipients of kidney transplants from the same donor.

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  • 1Service of Nephrology, University Hospital, Salamanca, Spain.


The authors report 2 cases of patients who underwent cadaveric renal transplantation from the same donor in a multiorgan extraction procedure. Both cases showed, during the first 6 months posttransplantation, a worsening in renal graft function and signs of ischemia in the homolateral lower limb. One of the cases was preceded by pain in the sciatic region. In imaging tests, a pseudoaneurysm was detected in the iliac artery in both patients. Grafts had to be removed, and the iliac arteries were ligated with posterior isolation of Aspergillus spp from the arterial vessels but not from the renal tissue. Besides surgery, medical treatment with liposomal amphotericin B was initiated with a different outcome in each patient: patient A died, whereas patient B recovered. The absence of Aspergillus spp infection in liver and heart recipients ruled out a donor-transmitted infection. The graft placements were carried out in different operating rooms, which rules out contamination during the transplantation process. All of this leads us to conclude that the infection must have occurred during the preservation phase of the kidney.

Copyright 2003 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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