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Neurology. 2003 Jan 28;60(2):235-9.

Early onset familial Alzheimer's disease: Mutation frequency in 31 families.

Author information

  • 1Dementia Research Group, Department of Clinical Neurology, Institute of Neurology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Three causative genes have been identified for autosomal dominant AD.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the proportion of patients with early onset AD with a positive family history accounted for by mutations in these genes.

METHODS:

A mutational analysis of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), presenilin 1 (PSEN1), and presenilin 2 (PSEN2) genes was performed in 31 probands with probable or definite AD from UK families with an age at onset (AAO) <61 years.

RESULTS:

The mean AAO was 46.9 years (median 45 years; range 33 to 60 years). The majority of patients (23 of 31; 74%) fulfilled recognized criteria for autosomal dominant inheritance. In 17 (55%) probands the authors identified eight novel PSEN1 sequence variants and eight recognized pathogenic mutations. In 4 (13%) probands the authors identified one novel APP sequence variant (H677R) and two recognized mutations. Thus in this series 21 of 31 (68%) probands were associated with a sequence variant in APP or PSEN1. Nine of the 11 (82%) probands with neuropathologically confirmed AD who additionally fulfilled recognized criteria for autosomal dominant inheritance were associated with a sequence variant in APP or PSEN1. The 10 patients in whom the authors were unable to identify a mutation in APP, PSEN1, or PSEN2 were older than the probands with sequence variants (55.4 vs 44.7 years: p = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Sequence variants in APP and PSEN1 accounted for the majority of neuropathologically confirmed autosomal dominant early onset AD; no mutations in PSEN2 were detected. There may be a further genetic factor involved in the etiology of autosomal dominant early onset AD.

PMID:
12552037
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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