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Diabetes Care. 2003 Feb;26(2):372-9.

Association between regional adipose tissue distribution and both type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in elderly men and women.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. bgood@pitt.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We examined whether regional adipose tissue distribution, specifically that of skeletal muscle fat and visceral abdominal fat aggregation, is characteristic of elderly individuals with hyperinsulinemia, type 2 diabetes, and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

A total of 2,964 elderly men and women (mean age 73.6 years) were recruited for cross-sectional comparisons of diabetes or glucose tolerance, generalized obesity with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and regional body fat distribution with computed tomography. RESULTS-Approximately one-third of men with type 2 diabetes and less than half of women with type 2 diabetes were obese (BMI > or =30 kg/m(2)). Despite similar amounts of subcutaneous thigh fat, intermuscular fat was higher in subjects with type 2 diabetes and IGT than in subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) (11.2 +/- 9.4, 10.3 +/- 5.8, and 9.2 +/- 5.9 cm(2) for men; 12.1 +/- 6.1, 10.9 +/- 6.5, and 9.4 +/- 5.3 cm(2) for women; both P < 0.0001). Visceral abdominal fat was also higher in men and women with type 2 diabetes and IGT than in subjects with NGT (172 +/- 79, 163 +/- 72, and 145 +/- 66 cm(2) for men; 162 +/- 66, 141 +/- 60, and 116 +/- 54 cm(2) for women; both P < 0.0001 across groups). Higher rates of intermuscular fat and visceral abdominal fat were associated with higher fasting insulin in normal-weight (BMI <25 kg/m(2)) men (r = 0.24 for intermuscular fat, r = 0.37 for visceral abdominal fat, both P < 0.0001) and women (r = 0.20 for intermuscular fat, r = 0.40 for visceral abdominal fat, both P < 0.0001). These associations were not found in obese subjects.

CONCLUSIONS:

Elderly men and women with normal body weight may be at risk for metabolic abnormalities, including type 2 diabetes, if they possess an inordinate amount of muscle fat or visceral abdominal fat.

PMID:
12547865
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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