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Cytokine. 2002 Nov 24;20(4):148-53.

Signaling pathways for TNF production induced by human aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-associating factor, p43.

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  • 1National Creative Research Initiatives Center for ARS Network, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, San 56-1, Shillim-dong, Kwanak-ku, Seoul 151-742, Korea.


The p43 protein is associated with human macromolecular aminoacyl tRNA synthetase complex and secreted to up-regulate diverse proinflammatory genes including TNF. Here we focused on the p43-induced TNF production and determined its responsible signal pathway. The p43-induced TNF production was mediated by the activation of MAPK family members, ERK and p38 MAPK, and by IkappaB degradation leading to the activation of NFkappaB. We also studied the upstream molecules for ERK and p38 MAPK by using a variety of inhibitors. The inhibitors for protein kinase C (PKC) and phospholipase C (PLC) prevented the p43-induced TNF production. Interestingly, all of the effective drugs inhibited the ERK activity, while the drugs had no effects on p38 MAPK activity and IkappaB degradation. Together, the p43-induced TNF production was controlled by NFkB, p38 MAPK, and ERK that is dependent on the activities of PLC and PKC.

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