Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Exp Med. 2003 Jan 20;197(2):163-8.

Human T cell receptor gammadelta cells recognize endogenous mevalonate metabolites in tumor cells.

Author information

  • 1Experimental Immunology, Department of Research, University Hospital, University of Basel, Hebelstrasse 20, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland.


T lymphocytes expressing the T cell receptor (TCR)-gammadelta recognize unknown antigens on tumor cells. Here we identify metabolites of the mevalonate pathway as the tumor ligands that activate TCR-gammadelta cells. In tumor cells, blockade of hydroxy-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR), the rate limiting enzyme of the mevalonate pathway, prevents both accumulation of mevalonate metabolites and recognition by TCR-gammadelta cells. When metabolite accumulation is induced by overexpressing HMGR or by treatment with nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate drugs, tumor cells derived from many tissues acquire the capacity to stimulate the same TCR-gammadelta population. Accumulation of mevalonate metabolites in tumor cells is a powerful danger signal that activates the immune response and may represent a novel target of tumor immunotherapy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (5)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk