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Clin Cancer Res. 2003 Jan;9(1):391-401.

C-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase mediates proliferation and tumor growth of human prostate carcinoma.

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  • 1Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

C-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) has been implicated in numerous functions including stress responses, apoptosis,and transformation. The role in transformation is based largely on studies of isolated cell types with little indication of whether JNK plays a general role in a specific human tumor type or whether this occurs in vivo.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

We examined 9 human prostate carcinoma cell lines in vitro and a representative line in vivo.

RESULTS:

For all of the cell lines proliferation is highly correlated with serum-supported JNK activity (r(Pearson) = 0.91; P = 0.004), whereas no relationship was observed for 10 human breast cancer cell lines (r(Pearson) = -0.32). Treatment with characterized antisense oligonucleotides complementary to sequences common to either the JNK1 or JNK2 family of isoforms showed that, whereas antisense JNK1 inhibited growth by a maximum of 57%, antisense JNK2 inhibited proliferation up to 80%. Sense and scrambled control oligonucleotides had little effect (average 3.7 +/- 1.5%). Moreover, systemic treatment of mice bearing established xenografts of PC3 prostate carcinoma cells with antisense JNK1 and JNK2 led to inhibition tumor growth by 57% (P < 0.002) and 80% (P < 0.001), respectively. The difference is significant (P < 0.012). Combined antisense treatment led to a significant increase in frequency of tumor regression (P = 0.022).

CONCLUSION:

These results indicate that JNK is required for growth of prostate carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo, and additionally indicate that JNK2 plays a dominant role. The JNK pathway is a novel target in the treatment of prostate carcinoma.

PMID:
12538493
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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