Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Semin Reprod Med. 2002 Nov;20(4):349-64.

GnRH agonists, antagonists, and assisted conception.

Author information

  • 1Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Pituitary stimulation with pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) induces both follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone (LH). Blockade of pituitary gonadotropin secretion occurs upon desensitization when a continuous GnRH stimulus is provided by means an agonist or when the pituitary receptors are occupied with a competitive antagonist. The most common indication for blockade of pituitary gonadotropin secretion is with assisted reproduction treatment (ART) where it prevents premature luteinization. Originally by lack of clinically available GnRH antagonist, prolonged daily injection of agonist with its desensitizing effect was introduced for this purpose. Today, single- and multiple-dose injectable antagonists are also available to block the LH surge. This review provides an overview of the use of GnRH agonists and antagonists in assisted reproduction.

PMID:
12536358
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk