Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Safety Res. 2003 Jan;34(1):79-84.

Enhancing the effectiveness of graduated driver licensing legislation.

Author information

  • 1Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina, 730 Airport Road, CB 3430, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3430, USA. rob_foss@unc.edu

Abstract

PROBLEM:

Many states have enacted graduated driver licensing (GDL) systems in an effort to reduce the very high crash rates of young beginning drivers. This article addresses how to achieve the maximum benefit from GDL by ensuring compliance with protective restrictions.

ENHANCING GDL THROUGH SYSTEM STRUCTURE:

The major crash reductions due to GDL systems result from the protective restrictions during the initial two levels, which isolate novice drivers from the highest risk driving situations. Accordingly, GDL systems should include protective restrictions that adequately control the greatest dangers facing young drivers: multiple teen passengers and night driving before midnight.

ENCOURAGING COMPLIANCE THROUGH SYSTEM STRUCTURE:

Including protective restrictions that are supported by parents and teens will encourage compliance. Furthermore, linking a teen's advancement through GDL to demonstrated responsible driving will likely encourage compliance more than threatening punishment for violations.

ENCOURAGING COMPLIANCE THROUGH ENFORCEMENT:

Parents are in a prime position to enforce most GDL restrictions, but there is some evidence they do not enforce those restrictions that they consider too extreme. Little is currently known about the involvement of law enforcement in GDL systems, but there is potential for high visibility law enforcement activities to encourage compliance with restrictions.

IMPACT ON RESEARCH, PRACTICE, AND POLICY:

There is a need for better designed GDL systems in many states; more research is needed to examine compliance with restrictions and to evaluate enforcement efforts by parents and law enforcement.

PMID:
12535909
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk