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Emerg Infect Dis. 2003 Jan;9(1):109-12.

Foot and mouth disease and cryptosporidiosis: possible interaction between two emerging infectious diseases.

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  • 1University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.


During 2001, a large outbreak of foot and mouth disease occurred in the United Kingdom, during which approximately 2,030 confirmed cases of the disease were reported, >6 million animals were slaughtered, and strict restrictions on access to the countryside were imposed. We report a dramatic decline in the reported incidence of human cryptosporidiosis in northwest England during weeks 13-38 in 2001, compared with the previous 11 years. This decline coincided with the period of foot and mouth restrictions. No similar reduction occurred in the other 26 weeks of the year. We also noted a substantial decline in the proportion of human infections caused by the bovine strain (genotype 2) of Cryptosporidium parvum during weeks 13-38 in that year but not during the other weeks.

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