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Immunity. 2003 Jan;18(1):41-51.

Impairment of NK cell function by NKG2D modulation in NOD mice.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California-San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Avenue HSE 420, Box 0414, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

Abstract

Nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, a model of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, have a defect in natural killer (NK) cell-mediated functions. Here we show impairment in an activating receptor, NKG2D, in NOD NK cells. While resting NK cells from C57BL/6 and NOD mice expressed equivalent levels of NKG2D, upon activation NOD NK cells but not C57BL/6 NK cells expressed NKG2D ligands, which resulted in downmodulation of the receptor. NKG2D-dependent cytotoxicity and cytokine production were decreased because of receptor modulation, accounting for the dysfunction. Modulation of NKG2D was mostly dependent on the YxxM motif of DAP10, the NKG2D-associated adaptor that activates phosphoinositide 3 kinase. These results suggest that NK cells may be desensitized by exposure to NKG2D ligands.

PMID:
12530974
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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