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DNA Repair (Amst). 2002 Jul 17;1(7):507-16.

Alkylation resistance of E. coli cells expressing different isoforms of human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase (hAAG).

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.


The alkyladenine DNA glycosylase (AAG) has been cloned from mouse and humans. AAG knock out mouse cells are sensitized to a variety of alkylating and cross-linking agents suggesting AAG is active on a variety of substrates. In humans, two isoforms have been characterized that are generated by alternative splicing and contain either exon 1a or 1b (hAAG1 or hAAG2). In this study, we examine the ability of the both known isoforms of human AAG (hAAG) to contribute to survival of Escherichia coli from treatments with simple alkylating agents and cross-linking alkylating agents. Our results show that hAAG is effective at repairing methyl lesions when expressed in E. coli, but is unable to afford increased resistance to alkylating agents producing larger alkyl lesions such as ethyl lesions or lesions produced by the cross-linking alkylating agents N,N'-bis-chloroethyl-N-nitrosourea (BCNU), N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-nitrosourea (CNU) or mitomycin C. In the case of CNU, expression of hAAG causes increased sensitivity rather than resistance, suggesting deleterious effects of hAAG activity. We also demonstrate that there are no apparent differences between the two isoforms of hAAG when recovery from damage produced by all alkylating agents is tested.

Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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