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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Jan 10;300(2):531-40.

Human serum amyloid A3 peptide enhances intestinal MUC3 expression and inhibits EPEC adherence.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA.

Abstract

We previously determined that the N-terminal region of bovine mammary-associated serum amyloid A3 (M-SAA3) increased intestinal mucin MUC3 levels in HT29 human intestinal cells by approximately 2.5-fold, relative to untreated cells. This study shows that the human M-SAA3 N-terminal peptide further enhances MUC3 transcript levels by approximately 4.3-fold in these cells (p<0.02), implicating a species-specific interaction. Furthermore, immunofluorescence and immunoblot analysis using a MUC3-specific monoclonal antibody confirms that the human M-SAA3 peptide stimulates MUC3 protein expression and secretion by the HT29 cells. More importantly, pretreatment of the cells with the peptide causes a subsequent 73% decrease in the adherence of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) to these cells, relative to untreated cells (p<0.01). The intestinal mucin MUC3 has been shown to provide a protective barrier in the gut and inhibit adherence of pathogens to the gut wall. Therefore, a means to increase MUC3 protein expression by a colostrum-associated peptide or protein may be a highly effective prophylactic treatment for the prevention of gastrointestinal diseases such as necrotizing enterocolitis and infectious diarrhea.

PMID:
12504116
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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