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Eur J Pharmacol. 2003 Jan 1;458(1-2):207-15.

Inhibition of interleukin-8 release in the human colonic epithelial cell line HT-29 by cannabinoids.

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  • 1Department of Biosciences, CP Snow Building, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield Campus, College Lane, Hertfordshire AL10 9AB, Hatfield, UK.


We have investigated the effects of cannabinoid agonists and antagonists on tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced secretion of interleukin-8 from the colonic epithelial cell line, HT-29. The cannabinoid receptor agonists [(-)-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethyl-heptyl)-phenyl]4-[3-hydroxypropyl]cyclo-hexan-1-ol] (CP55,940); Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol; [R(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholinyl) methyl] pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl](1-naphthyl) methanone mesylate] (WIN55,212-2) and 1-propyl-2-methyl-3-naphthoyl-indole (JWH 015) inhibited TNF-alpha induced release of interleukin-8 in a concentration-dependent manner. The less active enantiomer of WIN55212-2, [S(-)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholinyl)methyl]pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl](1-naphthyl) methanone mesylate (WIN55212-3), and the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor agonist arachidonoyl-2-chloroethylamide (ACEA) had no significant effect on TNF-alpha-induced release of interleukin-8. The cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1,4-pyrazole-3-carboxamide hydrochloride (SR141716A; 10(-6) M) antagonised the inhibitory effect of CP55,940 (pA(2)=8.3+/-0.2, n=6) but did not antagonise the inhibitory effects of WIN55212-2 and JWH 015. The cannabinoid CB(2) receptor antagonist N-(1,S)-endo1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo(2,2,1)heptan-2-yl)-5(4-chloro-3-methyl-phenyl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (SR144528; 10(-6) M) antagonised the inhibitory effects of CP55,940 (pA(2)=8.2+/-0.8, n=6), WIN55212-2 (pA(2)=7.1+/-0.3, n=6) and JWH 015 (pA(2)=7.6+/-0.3, n=6), respectively. Western immunoblotting of HT-29 cell lysates revealed a protein with a size that is consistent with the presence of cannabinoid CB(2) receptors. We conclude that in HT-29 cells, TNF-alpha-induced interleukin-8 release is inhibited by cannabinoids through activation of cannabinoid CB(2) receptors.

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