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J Immunol. 2003 Jan 1;170(1):421-9.

Transgenic expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1/CXC chemokine ligand 12 enhances myeloid progenitor cell survival/antiapoptosis in vitro in response to growth factor withdrawal and enhances myelopoiesis in vivo.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology/Immunology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.


Hemopoiesis is regulated in part by survival/apoptosis of hemopoietic stem/progenitor cells. Exogenously added stromal cell-derived factor-1 ((SDF-1)/CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL)12) enhances survival/antiapoptosis of myeloid progenitor cells in vitro. To further evaluate SDF-1/CXCL12 effects on progenitor cell survival, transgenic mice endogenously expressing SDF-1/CXCL12 under a Rous sarcoma virus promoter were produced. Myeloid progenitors (CFU-granulocyte-macrophage, burst-forming unit-erythroid, CFU-granulocyte-erythrocyte-megakaryocyte-monocyte) from transgenic mice were studied for in vitro survival in the context of delayed addition of growth factors. SDF-1-expressing transgenic myeloid progenitors were enhanced in survival and antiapoptosis compared with their wild-type littermate counterparts. Survival-enhancing effects were due to release of low levels of SDF-1/CXCL12 and mediated through CXCR4 and G(alpha)i proteins as determined by ELISA, an antagonist to CXCR4, Abs to CXCR4 and SDF-1, and pertussis toxin. Transgenic effects of low SDF-1/CXCR4 may be due to synergy of SDF-1/CXCL12 with other cytokines; low SDF-1/CXCL12 synergizes with low concentrations of other cytokines to enhance survival of normal mouse myeloid progenitors. Consistent with in vitro results, progenitors from SDF-1/CXCL12 transgenic mice displayed enhanced marrow and splenic myelopoiesis: greatly increased progenitor cell cycling and significant increases in progenitor cell numbers. These results substantiate survival effects of SDF-1/CXCL12, now extended to progenitors engineered to endogenously produce low levels of this cytokine, and demonstrate activity in vivo for SDF-1/CXCL12 in addition to cell trafficking.

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