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Am J Vet Res. 2002 Dec;63(12):1724-31.

Myoplasmic calcium regulation in myotubes from horses with recurrent exertional rhabdomyolysis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical and Population Sciences, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether alterations in myoplasmic calcium regulation can be identified in muscle cell cultures (myotubes) and intact muscle fiber bundles derived from Thoroughbreds affected with recurrent exertional rhabdomyolysis (RER).

ANIMALS:

6 related Thoroughbreds with RER and 8 clinically normal (control) Thoroughbred or crossbred horses.

PROCEDURES:

Myotube cell cultures were grown from satellite cells obtained from muscle biopsy specimens of RER-affected and control horses. Fura-2 fluorescence was used to measure resting myoplasmic calcium concentration as well as caffeine- and 4-chloro-m-cresol (4-CMC)-induced increases in myoplasmic calcium. In addition, intact intercostal muscle fiber bundles were prepared from both types of horses, and their sensitivities to caffeine- and 4-CMC-induced contractures were determined.

RESULTS:

Myotubes of RER-affected and control horses had identical resting myoplasmic calcium concentrations. Myotubes from RER-affected horses had significantly higher myoplasmic calcium concentrations than myotubes from control horses following the addition of > or = 2mM caffeine; however, there was no difference in their response to 4-CMC (> or = 1 mM). Caffeine contracture thresholds for RER and control intact muscle cell bundles (2 vs 10mM, respectively) were significantly different, but 4-CMC contracture thresholds of muscle bundles from RER-affected and control horses (500 microM) did not differ.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

An increase in caffeine sensitivity of muscle cells derived from a family of related RER-affected horses was detected in vitro by use of cell culture with calcium imaging and by use of fiber bundle contractility techniques. An alteration in muscle cell calcium regulation is a primary factor in the cause of this heritable myopathy.

PMID:
12492289
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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