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Blood. 2003 Jan 1;101(1):253-8.

Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) is crucial for effective Fc receptor-mediated immunity to melanoma.

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  • 1Immunotherapy Laboratory, Department of Immunology, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Antibody-reliant destruction of tumor cells by immune effector cells is mediated by antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, in which Fc receptor (FcR) engagement is crucial. This study documents an important role for the beta(2) integrin Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) in FcR-mediated protection against melanoma. CD11b-deficient mice, those that lack Mac-1, were less protected by melanoma-specific monoclonal antibody TA99 than wild-type (WT) mice. Significantly more lung metastases and higher tumor loads were observed in Mac-1(-/-) mice. Histologic analyses revealed no differences in neutrophil infiltration of lung tumors between Mac-1(-/-) and WT mice. Importantly, Mac-1(-/-) phagocytes retained the capacity to bind tumor cells, implying that Mac-1 is essential during actual FcR-mediated cytotoxicity. In summary, this study documents Mac-1 to be required for FcR-mediated antimelanoma immunity in vivo and, furthermore, supports a role for neutrophils in melanoma rejection.

PMID:
12485936
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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