Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Invest Dermatol. 2002 Dec;119(6):1330-40.

Modulation of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor gene expression alters skin pigmentation.

Author information

  • 1Johnson & Johnson Skin Research Center, CPWW, Skillman, NJ 08558, USA.

Abstract

The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor is implicated in melanocyte development and in the regulation of melanogenesis. Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor is thought to bind to the M-box promoter elements of tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein-1 and dopachrome tautomerase/tyrosinase-related protein-2 and transactivate these genes, resulting in increased pigmentation. Using a luciferase reporter construct driven by the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor promoter, we identified agents that modulate microphthalmia-associated transcription factor promoter activity. Changes in endogenous microphthalmia-associated transcription factor expression levels upon treatment with these agents were confirmed using northern and western blots, and their pigmentary modulating activities were demonstrated. Ultraviolet B irradiation and traditional Chinese medicine-1, a natural extract used in traditional Chinese medicine, upregulated microphthalmia-associated transcription factor gene expression and enhanced tyrosinase activity in vitro. Dihydrolipoic acid, lipoic acid, and resveratrol reduced microphthalmia-associated transcription factor and tyrosinase promoter activities. These agents also inhibited the forskolin- and ultraviolet B-stimulated promoter activities of these genes and significantly reduced tyrosinase activity in melanocyte cultures, resulting in depigmentation. Overexpressed microphthalmia-associated transcription factor was capable of rescuing the repressive effects of these compounds on the cotransfected tyrosinase promoter. Dark-skinned Yucatan swine treated with these agents showed visible skin lightening, which was confirmed histologically, whereas ultraviolet B-induced tanning of light-skinned swine was inhibited using these agents. Our findings suggest that modulation of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor expression can alter skin pigmentation and further confirm the central role of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor in melanogenesis.

Comment in

  • More on MITF. [J Invest Dermatol. 2002]
PMID:
12485436
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk