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J Cell Sci. 2003 Jan 15;116(Pt 2):211-6.

ANChors away: an actin based mechanism of nuclear positioning.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA. daniel.starr@colorado.edu


Mechanisms for nuclear migration and nuclear anchorage function together to control nuclear positioning. Both tubulin and actin networks play important roles in nuclear positioning. The actin cytoskeleton has been shown to position nuclei in a variety of systems from yeast to plants and animals. It can either act as a stable skeleton to anchor nuclei or supply the active force to move nuclei. Two C. elegans genes and their homologues play important roles in these processes. Syne/ANC-1 anchors nuclei by directly tethering the nuclear envelope to the actin cytoskeleton, and UNC-84/SUN functions at the nuclear envelope to recruit Syne/ANC-1.

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