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J Biol Chem. 2003 May 2;278(18):15983-90. Epub 2002 Dec 8.

Helicase and nuclease activities of hyperthermophile Pyrococcus horikoshii Dna2 inhibited by substrates with RNA segments at 5'-end.

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  • 1Biological Information Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Higashi 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan.


Dna2 protein plays an important role in Okazaki fragment maturation on the lagging strand and also participates in DNA repair in Eukarya. Herein, we report the first biochemical characterization of a Dna2 homologue from Archaea, the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus horikoshii (Dna2Pho). Dna2Pho has both a RecB-like nuclease motif and seven conserved helicase motifs similar to Dna2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Dna2Pho has single-stranded (ss) DNA-stimulated ATPase activity, DNA helicase activity (5' to 3' direction) requiring ATP, and nuclease activity, which prefers free 5'-ends of ssDNA as substrate. These activities depend on MgCl(2) concentrations. Dna2Pho requires a higher concentration of MgCl(2) for the nuclease than helicase activity. Both the helicase and nuclease activities of Dna2Pho were inhibited by substrates with RNA segments at the 5'-end of flap DNA, whereas the nuclease activity of Dna2 from S. cerevisiae was reported to be stimulated by RNA segments in the 5'-tail (Bae, S.-H., and Seo, Y. S. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 38022-38031).

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