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J Biol Chem. 2003 May 2;278(18):15983-90. Epub 2002 Dec 8.

Helicase and nuclease activities of hyperthermophile Pyrococcus horikoshii Dna2 inhibited by substrates with RNA segments at 5'-end.

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  • 1Biological Information Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Higashi 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan.

Abstract

Dna2 protein plays an important role in Okazaki fragment maturation on the lagging strand and also participates in DNA repair in Eukarya. Herein, we report the first biochemical characterization of a Dna2 homologue from Archaea, the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus horikoshii (Dna2Pho). Dna2Pho has both a RecB-like nuclease motif and seven conserved helicase motifs similar to Dna2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Dna2Pho has single-stranded (ss) DNA-stimulated ATPase activity, DNA helicase activity (5' to 3' direction) requiring ATP, and nuclease activity, which prefers free 5'-ends of ssDNA as substrate. These activities depend on MgCl(2) concentrations. Dna2Pho requires a higher concentration of MgCl(2) for the nuclease than helicase activity. Both the helicase and nuclease activities of Dna2Pho were inhibited by substrates with RNA segments at the 5'-end of flap DNA, whereas the nuclease activity of Dna2 from S. cerevisiae was reported to be stimulated by RNA segments in the 5'-tail (Bae, S.-H., and Seo, Y. S. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 38022-38031).

PMID:
12473672
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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