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Cell Immunol. 2002 Sep;219(1):57-70.

Expression of p58.2 or CD94/NKG2A inhibitory receptors in an NK-like cell line, YTINDY, leads to HLA Class I-mediated inhibition of cytotoxicity in the p58.2- but not the CD94/NKG2A-expressing transfectant.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology/Immunology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley Hospital, RM 0615, 702 Barnhill Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5200, USA.


Natural killer cytotoxicity is down-regulated by HLA Class I-specific inhibitory receptors classified as killer inhibitory receptors (KIRs) or C-type lectins. The regulation of their inhibitory signaling pathways is not completely understood. The YTINDY NK-like cell line was transfected to express p58.2 KIR (YT/C143 transfectant) or CD94/NKG2A C-type lectin (YT/CD94 transfectant); and YT/C143, but not YT/CD94, cytotoxicity was down-regulated by Class I. YT/C143 and YT/CD94 expressed equally low p56(lck) levels, suggesting that p56(lck) is not absolutely required for p58.2 signaling but may be required for CD94/NKG2A signaling. Lower SHP-1 levels and activity were observed in YT/CD94 compared to YT/C143. However, increasing SHP-1 to equivalent levels in YT/C143 did not restore inhibition in YT/CD94. Our results suggest that the combination of low p56(lck) and SHP-1 levels may be responsible for the absent inhibitory signal in YT/CD94. In addition, the possible expression of CD94/NKG2C activating receptor may override inhibitory signals transduced through CD94/NKG2A.

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