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Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 2002 Dec;70(12):663-77.

[Cerebral vasculitis].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Neurologische Klinik Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus Essen.


This review focuses on isolated CNS-angiitis and cerebral involvement in systemic vasculitides and collagen vascular diseases. CNS-vasculitis presents with headache, multifocal symptoms, and encephalopathy, respectively. Clinical diagnosis is based on MRI, angiography and both CSF and serum examinations. But neither laboratory nor neuroradiological findings are specific - in all vasculitides with the exception of the Beh├žet-syndrome a biopsy is necessary before immunosuppressive treatment is started. Therapy of choice is the combination of corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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