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Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2002 Nov;32(4):341-53.

Electrophoretic separation of gill proteins of the clam Codakia orbicularis.

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  • 1Département de Biologie, Groupe DYNECAR, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, UFR des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, Pointe-à-Pitre, 97159 Guadeloupe, French West Indies.

Abstract

Marine organisms inhabiting the coastal environment of the Caribbean islands have attracted the attention of a number of research scientists. These organisms generally live in areas of high environmental stress and may, therefore, contain specialized proteins and enzymes which exhibit valuable biotechnological applications. Among them, a small number of clams have been studied. Our work relates to the clam Codakia orbicularis. This bivalve lives in areas of high hydrogen sulfide concentrations on the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe. Its enzymatic system must, therefore, have evolved to allow its adaptation to this high-stress environment. C. orbicularis also contains endosymbiotic bacteria which are housed in the bacteriocytes of the gills. Its protein content can, therefore, be expected to have an impact on this symbiotic relationship. We have analysed gill protein extracts of this clam by various biochemical techniques: SDS-PAGE, IEF, PAS, and Western blotting using a panel of lectins, in order to establish its protein and glycoprotein profiles. This biochemical analysis, the first of its kind, constitutes an important step in separating and characterizing the proteins involved in the biochemical pathways of this organism whose stock is in decline in Guadeloupe. Our results show the presence of three major proteins whose molecular weights vary between 14,000 and 24,000 Daltons, and some of which are glycoproteins with predominantly alpha-mannose and N-acetylgalactosamine moieties. Their pI values are in the range between 4.5 and 5.6. These protein profiles are different from those observed for Lucina pectinata, a clam which has been the subject of earlier studies in the literature.

PMID:
12455827
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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