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Gastroenterology. 2002 Dec;123(6):2005-16.

Inflammatory-mediated repression of the rat ileal sodium-dependent bile acid transporter by c-fos nuclear translocation.

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  • 1Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Liver Diseases, Department of Pediatrics and the Immunobiology Center, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Ileal malabsorption of bile salts is observed in Crohn's ileitis. We define the transcriptional mechanisms involved in cytokine-mediated repression of the rat apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT).

METHODS:

ASBT regulation was studied in IL-1beta-treated IEC-6 and Caco-2 cells and in indomethacin-treated rats.

RESULTS:

Indomethacin-induced ileitis in Lewis rats leads to specific reductions in ileal ASBT messenger RNA and protein levels, whereas c-jun and c-fos are induced. The proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor repress the activity of the ASBT promoter in Caco-2 and intestinal epithelial cell-6 cells. This effect is blocked by the proteasome inhibitor, MG-132, or by the phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase inhibitor, wortmannin. Indomethacin (in vivo) or proinflammatory cytokine (in vitro) treatment leads to serine phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of c-fos. Mutation of a 5' activated protein (AP)-1 site inactivates the ASBT promoter, whereas mutation of the 3' site abrogates the proinflammatory cytokine-mediated repression. The 5' site binds a c-jun homodimer, whereas the 3' site binds a c-jun/c-fos heterodimer. c-Jun overexpression enhances ASBT promoter activity, whereas a dominant negative c-jun construct inactivates the promoter. c-Fos overexpression represses promoter activity. A 27 base pair cis-element from the 3' site in the ASBT promoter imparts cytokine-mediated down-regulation to a heterologous SV40 promoter construct.

CONCLUSIONS:

The ASBT promoter contains 2 distinct cis AP-1 elements; the 5' element binds homodimeric c-jun and mediates basal transcription. Inflammation is associated with up-regulation, phosphorylation, and nuclear translocation of c-fos, which then represses ASBT promoter activity via binding of the 3' AP-1 element by a c-fos/c-jun heterodimer.

PMID:
12454857
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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